Biography of Mulyam Singh Yadav
Political Party: Samajwadi Party
Current Role: Founder & President of Samajwadi Party
Educational Background: (B.A., B.T., M.A. in Political Science) K.K. College, Etawah, A.K. College, Shikohabad, and B.R. College Agra University, respectively
Candidate Location: Uttar Pradesh
Mulayam Singh Yadav’s father wanted him to be a ‘Wrestler’. Yet, Natthu Singh, his political guru, spotted his physical power and capability is a wrestling match at Mainpuri. Followed by this, he was rewarded the Jaswanthnagar political district by Singh. And thus began Yadav’s journey in politics.
Endowed with First Ministership
Mulayam Singh Yadav was first made the state minister in the year 1977. Three years later, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People’s Party) in Uttar Pradesh, which later went on to become a part of the Janata Dal (People’s Party). In 1982, he was elected as the leader of the opposition in Uttar Pradesh’s legislative council.
Indian socialist leaders like Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain groomed and supported him through many years of his political journey. Although Yadav was close to Ram Manohar Lohia and Chaudhary Charan Singh, he became an ardent follower of Raj Narain, who surpassed Indira Gandhi in 1977’s Lok Sabha elections from the Raibareli constituency.
Tenure Served as Chief Minister
Yadav was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the first time in 1989. Following the collapse of V.P. Singh’s government at the center in November 1990, Yadav joined Janatadal, Chandra Shekhar’s Socialist party, and continued his Chief ministership with support from the Congress party. Eventually, in April 1991, the Congress withdrew support to his government in reaction to the aftermath of developments at the center. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh’s party lost power to BJP.
On October 7, 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party), and the consecutive year, he formed alliance with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993. The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Though the alliance did not win the majority, Mulayam Singh Yadav became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1995.
In the year 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under Dalit leader Mayawati, considered to be Mulayam’s greatest rival. BJP pulled out of the government on August 25, 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Mulayam to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. He was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003.
Yadav was a member of the Lok Sabha as well. To meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within 6 months of being sworn in, Yadav contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2004. Yadav won by a record margin and polled almost 92% of the total votes. Yadav’s victory margin of 183,899 votes is the highest margin of victory in assembly elections so far.
With the hope of playing a major role at the center, Yadav contested Lok Sabha elections of 2004 from Mainpuri when he was the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, won the seat, Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However, the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the center after the elections, had majority in the Lok Sabha due to the support of the communist parties. As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the center, and resigned from Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until he lost 2007 election when he lost to BSP.
Elected as Union Cabinet Minister
In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency. In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India’s Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that year from Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the center in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the central government. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh Yadav in the by-elections.
His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on October 2, 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible.
Legislative Elections in Uttar Pradesh – February 2012
In polls held in Uttar Pradesh during February 2012, Yadav’s Samajwadi Party decimated BJP, with Congress winning the fourth position. As per the results declared on 6 March 2012, his party has won the complete majority in Uttar Pradesh by receiving 224 seats.
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